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Materials

Choose the right material for your project

Here is a quick and easy way for designers engineers, component specifiers and purchasing professionals to identify the rubber material best suited to your application. We also welcome you to contact one of our experts to further validate your results or discuss what material could be the best choice in line with your application requirements and business criteria.

Rubber Polymers
 
Suggested material
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Silicone
EPDM
Fluoroelastomer
Neoprene
Fluorosilicone
Natural rubber
Nitrile rubber
Material name(s) Silicone Ethylene
Propylene
Diene
Monomer
Viton® Neoprene Fluorosilicone Natural rubber Nitrile/Buna N
Material codes ASTM D1418:
MQ, VMQ, PVMQ
ASTM D2000:
FC, FE, GE
ASTM D1418:
EPDM
ASTM D2000:
BA, CA, DA
ASTM D1418:
FKM, FFKM

ASTM D2000:
HK
ASTM D1418:
CR

ASTM D2000:
BC, BE
ASTM D1418:
FKM, FFKM

ASTM D2000:
HK
ASTM D1418:
FVMQ

ASTM D2000:
FK
ASTM D1418:
NBR

ASTM D2000:
BF, BG, BK, CH
Service temperature range -80F to 550F -60F to 300F -20F to 400F -65F to 250F -65F to 450F -60F to 170F -40F to 250F
Recommended usage Flexibility, compression set resistance, UV, ozone, static applications Weather, ozone and water Chemicals, heat, oil and petroleums Abrasion, ozone and flame retardant Heat, oils and fuels Compression set, abrasion, tear and electrical insulation Oil, petroleum and high wear
Non recommended usage Tear, abrasion and tensile strength, dynamic applications Oils and water steam Limited resistance to steam, hot water and methanol, low temperatures UV, heat, ketones and ester Tear, abrasion and tensile strength Ozone, strong acids, oil and petroleums Ozone, tear, ketones and ester
Durometer range 10-85 Shore A 25-95 Shore A 60-90 Shore A 20-90 Shore A 40-70 Shore A 25-90 Shore A 30-95 Shore A
Most common application Electrical, fluid control, medical Automotive, heating, ventilation and conditioning Aerospace, medical, chemical. Industrial Chemical and hydrocarbon fuel seals. Abrasive protection, vibration dampening, Diaphragms. Industrial and automotive, in products such as fuel and oil handling hoses, seals grommets, hydraulic hoses, and o-rings.

Silicone is one of the most versatile of "rubber" compounds. With its extreme temperature range (-80°F to 550°F), it exceeds all comparable materials in their insulating properties as well as flexibility in a wide range of electrical applications. It is non-conductive, maintains dielectric strength (can be formulated to be conductive), and can be color matched to any Pantone/RAL.

EPDM is one of the most widely used synthetic rubbers. It can be found in several industries ranging from automotive to HVAC (heating, ventilation and air conditioning). This is due mainly to its excellent resistance to water, steam, oxidation, ozone, acids and alkalis, as well as its ability to withstand significant temperature fluctuations (-60ºF to +150ºF).

FluoroElastomers offers the widest range of fluid and chemical resistance of any commercial rubber. It has eexcellent resistance to oils, fuels, lubricants and most mineral acids, this high performance synthetic rubber also has excellent temperature resistance.  It also offers low gas permeability. Fluorine content can be increased or reduced to improve key performance properties required by your application.

Neoprene is characterized by its versatility. It has good mechanical strength, it is ozone and weather resistant, and has good aging resistance. It bonds well to metal and has a good resistance to certain chemicals. Neoprene is also self-extinguishing and can be formulated for use in mass transit industries due to its ability to meet ASTM c1166, e162, e662 and SMP800C standards.

Fluorosilicone rubber is an inorganic "hybrid" elastomer which combines the wide temperature range spectrum of silicone with some of the chemical resistance of fluorocarbon rubber. Due to its silicone base, fluorosilicones have relatively low tear strength, abrasion resistance, and tensile strength, and therefore, are generally not suited to dynamic applications.

Natural rubber is fairly easy to process. It has good low temperature properties, excellent elongation and a high resistance to tears and abrasions. Its useful temperature range is between -60ºF and + 170ºF, and it can be easily bonded to metal. Unfortunately natural rubber exhibits poor resistance to ozone, oxygen, sunlight, solvents and oils.

Nitrile rubber is best suited for applications where resistance to oil, fuel and chemicals is required. NBR is commonly used for industrial and automotive applications, in products such as fuel and oil handling hoses, seals, grommets, hydraulic hoses, and o-rings

Adding value to our customers supply chain through vendor consolidation, Vicone can also supply custom plastic parts injection molded in the following materials:

  • ABS (Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene)
  • PC (Polycarbonate)
  • POM (Polyoxymethylene)
  • PA (Nylon)
  • PET (Polyethylene terephthalate)
  • PPO (Polyphenylene oxide)
  • PE (Polyethylene)
  • TPE (Thermoplastic Elastomer)
  • PP (Polypropylene)
  • PVC (polyvinyl chloride)
  • PS( Polystyrene)
  • PMMA (Poly(methyl methacrylate)
  • TPR (Thermoplastic Rubber)
  • EVA( Ethylene Vinyl Acetate)
  • TPU (Thermoplastic Polyurethane)

From ties, to caps to threaded nuts, if it’s custom, we can supply it.